Understanding The Role Of Image Stabilization In Digital Photography

September 23, 2011 by  
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Camera shake is a frequent issue for both beginning and experienced photographers. Just a small movement could cloud a photo, destroying the photo. Utilizing a tripod resolves the problem, but can be awkward in scenarios where portability is crucial. Years back, camera companies presented image stabilization (IS) to tackle the problem.

This feature makes it possible to take clear photographs without utilizing a tripod. While IS does not completely eliminate camera shake, it lessens its effect to the point most people are unable to recognize it. The result is sharper pics.

This post is going to present the fundamentals of image stabilization, beginning with situations that pose a demand for the characteristic, and the different sorts presented by producers. We’ll also give a handful of tips for shooting crystal clear photographs without the aid of IS or a tripod.

Situations That Justify Stabilizing Your Image

To fully grasp the instances that call for IS, it is useful to comprehend how camera shake occurs to begin with. Even the most seasoned digital photographers have difficulty remaining completely still whenever they get their photos; their movements, however slight, add blur into their photographs.

In a few instances, the effect is nominal. For instance, your shooting environment might provide plenty of light, permitting you to make use of a fast shutter speed. In such cases, a modest degree of movement is not likely to cause significant blur. Similarly, if you are shooting a close-up, camera shake will have a less-pronounced effect on your images. Making sure that your lighting and distance is correct will help if you decide to alter the image later or blow it up for custom poster printing.

But assume you’re shooting in a low-light environment. In this event, you could possibly need to employ a slower shutter speed in order to let additional light reach the image sensor; or, suppose you are shooting through a telephoto lens. Here, the further away your subject matter, the more noticable the impacts of camera jitters. Both situations demand image stabilization to minimize clouding.

Various Kinds Of Image Stabilization

IS is available in a couple of platforms. The first is called optical Is, and is frequently located in moderately-priced digital cameras created for novices. The function depends on an important part called a gyro sensor to monitor your movement, and transmit the data to a computer chip. A charge-coupled device (CCD) catches the picture after taking this data into account

Optical image stabilization is really effective for increasing the clearness of your photographs. This is largely due to the fact you can steer clear of increasing your ISO setting in low-light circumstances (a greater ISO setting brings out noise).

Another type of image stabilization is digital IS. Here, software is the generating push, rather than a gyro sensor. Cameras with this type of IS increase the ISO settings, which permits you to utilize a quicker shutter speed. As mentioned previously, this helps reduce blur caused by camera shake.
The downside to digital IS is that it raises ISO past the typical settings for any given lighting condition. The image sensor is thus made much more sensitive than it should be to lighting.As a result, your pictures can display noise, which is going to reduce their clarity.

A third type of image stabilization is dual IS. It blends elements of the previous two varieties. A gyro sensor tracks your movements, and filters the information to a microchip; software in the digital camera raises ISO to enable for faster shutter speeds. Some digital cameras offer you duel IS with an added feature that allows you to physically override the software’s ISO setting.

Shooting With A Camera That Lacks ISWhen Using A Digital Camera That Doesn’t Have Image Stabilization

How may you decrease blur in your images when your digital camera lacks any type of IS function? First, whenever possible, utilize a tripod. Second, if you do not have entry to a tripod, shoot while holding your camera with both hands, and keeping your elbows tucked at your sides. Third, lean against a sturdy object, like a wall, tree, or door frame. Fourth, synchronize your breathing with your shot so you can avoid inhaling or breathing out when you push the shutter release button.

Image stabilization may be a valuable feature in certain light conditions. Recognize, however, it is not a panacea for blur or poor arrangement.


On Learning And Breaking The Rule Of Thirds In Your Photography

September 20, 2011 by  
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The rule of thirds is a tool utilized by photography enthusiasts to frame their shots. It splits the frame with a tic-tac-toe grid, leaving nine similarly-sized sections. Photographers utilize the two vertical and two horizontal lines, in addition to their points of intersection, to create pictures that are engaging to viewers. This makes it much easier for starting photographers to frame their shots like the pros, and it will also help if you later if you decide to frame your image or get into custom poster printing.

So beneficial is this composition guideline that some digital camera manufacturers provide a function that exhibits the rule of thirds lines straight onto the viewfinder. This makes it much simpler for newbie digital photographers to frame their images much like the professionals.

The notion behind the rule of thirds is the fact that a person’s attention is drawn to certain areas of any provided photos. These regions are separated by the grid’s lines and their crossing points. Beneath, we will describe how to control the grid to create images that draw your audience in and at the same time bettering the emotive impact of your images. You will additionally discover the value of breaking the rule so that you can achieve remarkable effects.

All Intersections Aren’t Created Equally

Even though the tic-tac-toe grid splits your framework into a symmetrical layout, some areas have more attracting power than others. However their power depends mostly on the components in your frame

For instance, if your shot contains a solitary subject, putting your model on the grid’s left vertical line is going to have the greatest effect on viewers. On the other hand, if your shot contains two or more subjects, your principal subject should be put on the bottom right intersection. There are exceptions, which we will investigate in the next two segments.

Vertical Lines And The Model’s Sight Line

Positioning of your subject on the rule of thirds grid ought to be determined by the direction in which they’re looking. Recall that a single subject ought to typically be positioned on the left line since that is the place where a viewer’s attention is initially drawn. On the other hand, if your model is looking toward the left of your framework, they ought to be placed on the right line. If your subject is looking directly at the sky, she or he should be placed on the left line, but close to the bottom left point of intersection. This enables more space for the individuals line of sight.

The Rule Of Thirds And Shifting Subject Matter

Another circumstance leading to exceptions to the rule of thirds involves shooting a moving subject. Here, positioning of your subject matter on the tic-tac-toe grid follows the exact same general rule as that employed for your model’s line of sight. In this case, the path of motion needs to be considered.

For instance, suppose you are shooting a cross-country athlete. If the person remained fixed, you might normally position them on the grid’s left line to draw the viewer’s eyes. If your subject matter is running toward the right side of your frame, this placement is still appropriate

But imagine your athlete is moving toward the left side of your frame. In this case, she or he ought to be positioned on the right line, giving your subject matter more room to run. The exact same basic principle holds true for cars, trains, animals, or other shifting subject.

This approach seems to contradict the rule of thirds. But it provides a helpful tutorial in the value of setting the rule to one side to generate a more engaging, remarkable photo.

Trying Out New Placements In Your Digital Photography

Like all compositional tips, the rule of thirds should be recognized, but overlooked whenever doing so makes a superior shot. Try things out. Position items in areas of your framework that appear counterproductive.You’ll discover that some of your models are more engaging when they are placed in the center. You will find that a few of your shots are far more intriguing when they’re shot from perspectives that appear to totally overlook the rule of thirds (or any suggestions). The sole way to stumble across uniquely remarkable compositions is to experiment. And sometimes, that means breaking protocol. 

The Beginning Digital Photographer’s Guidebook To Shooting Sports Photos

September 5, 2011 by  
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Sports digital photography is arguably among the most challenging kinds of digital photography to master. Even experienced photojournalists deal with challenges that prevent them from getting the pictures they would like.

Beginners are at an even more significant shortcoming because they’ve much less expertise with their gear, and are less adept with sophisticated techniques. That said, it is possible to shoot remarkable sports images with a modest amount of organizing and forethought.

Preparing is key. First, you ought to be familiar with the sport you’re capturing. Find out how points are scored, the reasons penalties are imposed, and where the majority of the action happens on the field, court, or track. Second, be geared up for the climate and light conditions of the environment in which you are taking pictures. Taking photos of athletes outside on a sunlit day warrants a different approach as compared to shooting within a poorly-lit sports arena.

The goal of this post is to expose you to athletics digital photography, and provide a few suggestions that will help you get started. You will discover the following recommendations are relevant to numerous other sorts of photography, and thus may improve your overall ability.

The Benefit Of Owning The Proper Gear

Taking high-quality sports images is simpler if you use topnotch gear. If you are not able to buy this kind of equipment, at the very least make certain your digital camera has a couple of key features. For instance, it ought to have a burst setting that allows you to shoot a rapid-fire series of photographs. This may help you capture the precise second you’re wanting to shoot
Auto focus can also be beneficial; the majority of cameras designed for the customer marketplace are equipped with this feature. You ought to additionally have access to one or two telephoto zoom lenses.

It’s feasible to take great sports photos with an inexpensive, fundamental DSLR without the advantage of a zoom lens. However if you’re serious in getting photos that captivate your target audience, having good equipment at your fingertips is critical.

Focus On The Athletes’ Emotions

In any sporting affair, the athletes’ faces express their feelings. These emotions, in large part, define the dynamics of your pictures, and whether they are powerful to audiences. Newbie photography enthusiasts frequently overlook participants’ faces while attempting to seize the action of the moment; this is an error. By doing thus, they sacrifice an important component of any engaging image.

Do not overlook emotions – both on the field and off. Anytime possible, make sure your photos have the faces of the sports athletes you are filming. Whether scoring a game-winning goal, or enjoying the goal near the sidelines, emotions pull audiences into your sports images.

Find (And Claim) The Right Access Points

Preferably, you would like to be positioned on the same level as the participants on the field. For example, you would like to be courtside in the course of a basketball game; by the sideline throughout a football game; and near the dirt during a track meet or motocross event. These entry points may provide you much better positioning to compose your photographs than being parked in the stands. It is simpler to catch faces and reactions. It is also simpler to position the viewer into the action of the frame.  Making sure that you have good position will help if you decide to alter the image later or blow it up for custom poster printing.

Simplify The Backdrop

Newbie sports digital photographers frequently neglect their backdrops. This will become an issue if their backgrounds consist of clutter that distracts audiences.For example, think about a frame that shows a golfer at eye-level finishing his follow-through; if there are men and women, flags, cars, or other objects populating the background of your frame, they will distract your viewers; the effect can be reduced by making certain these kinds of components are kept out of focus. But even then, they still symbolize a distraction.

Keep your backgrounds clutter-free. That way, those observing your photographs may focus on the action, and the emotions displayed on the athletes’ faces.

Despite the fact that sports photography poses significant difficulties for newbies, it is well worth studying the strategies that produce memorable action photographs. In doing so, you’ll improve your overall proficiency as a photographer.